As the two largest global emitters of greenhouse gases, China and the United States share the challenge of transforming each of their current fossil fuel–based energy systems into clean twenty-first-century energy systems that remain cornerstones of our vigorous economies while protecting our shared climate, along with our clean air, clean water, and other precious natural resources. This report outlines the types of activities already underway involving agencies in the California state government as well as California-based non-governmental actors and China. As California has taken on some of the functions of a nation-state (in the sense of forming direct relations with foreign governments in sectors of key interest to Californians), it has also helped create something of a state model for subnational international cooperation on climate change and energy issues. We think it is a model worth studying, supporting, and celebrating on both sides of the U.S.-China divide. If we are going to collectively arrive at any kind of meaningful solution to the urgent challenge of climate change, it will most certainly involve active participation by both subnational governmental entities and non-governmental, civil society institutions.

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